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> Practice Owners > Employed Veterinarians > Office Managers > Mobile Practitioners > Emergency Clinics > Students > Associations

Professional Liability (Malpractice)


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Claim Testimonial: Professional Liability (malpractice)

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Claim Testimonial: Veterinary License Defense 


2014 AVMA PLIT Professional Liability Application and Rate Card
 OHIO VETERINARIANS: 2014 Ohio Application and Rate Card


Take a moment to review the coverage limits and additional endorsements available to you. This coverage guide will help you understand your options.

Active AVMA members residing in the U.S. who are licensed to practice veterinary medicine in their state including practice owners, employed veterinarians, and those in specialty categories such as federal, state, industry, and research.
When you are accused of professional malpractice, the program will vigorously defend you and pay the costs that you become legally responsible for due to allegations of professional negligence. Coverage automatically extends to veterinary-related activities such as speech making, consulting, clinical instructing, and serving as a member of a licensing or veterinary accreditation board.

Veterinary Malpractice Coverage: The program vigorously defends veterinarians, pays the costs that veterinarians are legally responsible for due to allegations of professional negligence, and educates veterinarians about avoiding claims.

Wages/Future Earnings can be Garnished: If you are found to be negligent, and the party making the claim is awarded monetary damages, large debts or a lack of assets will not excuse you from being responsible for a judgment. If you do not have insurance to cover such a loss, the court could require you to provide restitution over a period of time through wage-garnishment (subject to state laws).

Secure Individual Professional Liability Coverage: The PLIT-sponsored professional liability policy provides valuable protection and defense for allegations made against employers for the actions of employees. However, employed veterinarians are not protected by the owner’s policy. Employed veterinarians must carry individual professional liability insurance for protection. The employer as part of a benefits package may pay for coverage for employed veterinarians. When the employer does not provide you with a professional liability policy in your name, you must obtain liability insurance. Your employer may purchase a professional liability policy from a commercial insurer covering all employed veterinarians. This coverage, however, will not follow you if veterinary services are provided outside your employed duties, such as relief, emergency or part-time work.

Hammer Clause: Related to the “consent to settle”, another common malpractice policy stipulation is the hammer clause. This means that if the insurance company recommends that you settle and you choose not to, you may be financially responsible for both legal expenses and judgments above the amount that the insurer could have settled the claim.

Consider this scenario: A defendant alleges that you were negligent and files suit. The demand is $75,000 for the value of the animal, emergency surgery and aftercare, and lost wages. Later, the demand is reduced to $25,000, and your insurance company recommends that you consent to settle the claim. You’re convinced however, that you met the standard of care, so you decline. The case goes to trial and the judgement is for $35,000. Because you refused to settle at $25,000 before the case went to trial, a hammer clause would stipulate that you are personally responsible for the additional $10,000 and legal expenses after the point of disagreeing with the insurance company’s recommendation.

Consent to Settle: The consent to settle clause in the PLIT-sponsored Professional Liability Insurance Policy DOES NOT CONTAIN A HAMMER CLAUSE. No claim will be settled without your consent or a court order. This protects your reputation and discourages frivolous lawsuits. It’s common for insurance companies to have the final decision to defend or settle malpractice allegations. So, if a client is unhappy with a procedure outcome and demands $500 to ‘go away’, the insurance company has the right to defend or settle on behalf of the insured veterinarian. Being accused of veterinary malpractice is a threat to your reputation and career. The PLIT-sponsored Professional Liability Policy contains a “consent to settle” clause, which means that the insurance company cannot settle a claim without your written consent. The “consent to settle” provision is critical to defend your reputation and discourage frivolous lawsuits. Most insurance companies will settle unfounded claims simply because it is less costly than providing a defense regardless of your liability or your wishes. With this unique benefit in the PLIT-sponsored Program, you decide if the claim and your reputation will be defended. 

Liability Limits: “What if I were Dr. A?” If you are working with horses or food production animals, what is the highest value of a horse you might treat, or the value of an entire food production unit or its lost earnings? Also consider the potential for human injury. Could you pay out-of-pocket the cost of a client’s medical bills to cover a serious injury? What if a client permanently loses the function of a hand as a result of a cat bite; if a horse kicks a client; if a food supply is contaminated by inappropriate recommendations; or if an accidental human death occurs? PLIT-sponsored liability limits are available up to $6,000,000 per claim and up to $8,000,000 annually. 

Claim Review: Could you imagine someone unfamiliar with veterinary care reviewing malpractice allegations and handling claims on your behalf? This may be the case when coverage is secured through a local agent. You may be the only veterinarian the agent insures! In the PLIT-sponsored Program, veterinarian Trust Representatives review every malpractice allegation submitted. And, the claims adjusters and insurance professionals are seasoned experts of the PLIT-sponsored Program and work on your behalf to protect your assets and reputation. 

Expert Witnesses: The “standard of care” is key to malpractice allegations. When a client questions your professional decisions and files a lawsuit, who will review your standard of care? Who will testify on your behalf? In the PLIT-sponsored Program, the insurance company works with the PLIT Trust Representatives and Trustees to identify expert veterinarian witnesses for PLIT claims. When appropriate, the insurance company designates expert witnesses on your behalf. 

Part-time, Emergency, Volunteer, and Relief Work: Are you covered for activities outside your place of employment? The PLIT-sponsored policy will protect you wherever you legally practice, so you don’t have to worry about securing coverage for part-time, relief, emergency, or volunteer work.

Malpractice Protection for Veterinary Staff: Every veterinarian working at the practice should carry an individual policy. Coverage automatically extends to your non-veterinarian employees.

Court Costs and Fees for Defense Attorneys: Legal fees can be costly, so investigate if these expenses are included in your malpractice limits or in addition to your primary limits. Consider that claims in the legal system may take years to resolve and if legal fees deplete your policy limits, you are personally responsible thereafter. In the PLIT-sponsored Program, court costs and fees for defense attorneys provided by the insurer are covered in addition to policy limits.  



Veterinary License Defense Coverage: As veterinary licensing agencies more aggressively investigate complaints, disciplinary board actions are increasing. Finding an attorney qualified in regulatory matters is hard enough, then you have to pay his or her fees. This optional endorsement responds to complaints against your veterinary license, including frivolous accusations that could cost you thousands of dollars out-of-pocket to defend. Legal fees to defend your veterinary license are not covered under your PLIT-sponsored Professional Liability Policy without this endorsement. Coverage provides up to $50,000 in legal fees. Click here for the list of the Veterinary State Board Web sites.

Excess Coverage (Additional Professional Liability Coverage): If you currently carry the highest professional liability coverage plan and desire more protection, purchase excess coverage. Limits are available up to $6,000,000 per claim and up to $8,000,000 annually.

Professional Extension Endorsement (Animal Bailee): If you hospitalize, board, or transport animals, you could be held accountable for many things that happen to them while in your care. This optional endorsement covers damage to animals in your care resulting from fire, wind, theft, escape, flood, vandalism, attack from other animals, and many other perils not related to treatment. Limits are available up to $1,000,000 per animal.  

Semen and Embryo Transfer Services Coverage: If you store semen and/or embryos that belong to your clients, you are responsible for the viability of this property of others while in your care, custody, or control. Semen and embryo storage coverage can be added to your PLIT-sponsored Professional Extension (animal bailee) Endorsement, which is an optional endorsement on your malpractice policy. This important coverage responds to all damage and loss of the stock while it is being stored at your  facility or while you are transporting it to or from client locations. The policy states that, “the insurance carrier will pay for all damage, loss of use of, or destruction of animal embryos, cells, cell components, tissues,  animal parts, or semen” contained in any one unit, while being transported, and at the specified location per your policy limits, conditions, and exclusions. Coverage applies if the embryos and semen are in your care, custody, and control. Limits are available up to $50,000 per location and up to $5,000 during transit. Click here for plan options and rates.

Student Liability: The PLIT offers liability protection for eligible veterinary students while they work in your practice. Click here for more information about student liability coverage.